The Philippines ranked 20th out of 152* coastal countries in the 2021 Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated (IUU) Fishing Index by the Poseidon Aquatic Resource Management Ltd. and the Global Initiative Against Transnational Organized Crime. The index assesses a country’s vulnerability to, prevalence of, and response to IUU ﬁshing. Compared to the 2019 edition, the Philippines’ ranking improved by seven notches. However, with an overall IUU score of 2.55 out of possible 5 (where 1 is best), the Philippines tied with Indonesia as one of the worst performing countries in the region. It was also above the Asia and world average scores of 2.51 and 2.24, respectively.